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Navigating the PERM Process: A Gateway to Employment-Based Green Cards


Securing a green card through employment is a tangible goal for many aspiring immigrants. Among the primary routes to achieving this goal is the Program Electronic Review Management (PERM) process, a pivotal step in the employment-based immigration sponsorship system. In this comprehensive guide, we shed light on the PERM process, elucidating its role as a gateway to green cards for prospective immigrants.

Understanding the PERM Process:

The PERM process is a requisite procedure that employers must follow before hiring a foreign worker for a permanent position in the United States. Administered by the Department of Labor (DOL), this process serves the paramount purpose of safeguarding U.S. workers and the domestic job market by ensuring that foreign workers are only recruited for positions where no qualified U.S. worker is available.

Why the PERM Process Exists:

The PERM process is fundamentally designed to strike a balance between the needs of employers and the protection of U.S. workers. By necessitating employers to undergo a rigorous labor market test, the DOL aims to ascertain that U.S. workers are afforded the first opportunity to vie for available positions, thus mitigating any adverse impact on their wages and working conditions.

Core Elements of the PERM Process:

  • Prevailing Wage Determination (PWD): The initial step involves the DOL determining the prevailing wage for a specific position in a given geographic area, ensuring that the employer agrees to remunerate the foreign worker at least this prevailing wage
  • Recruitment Efforts: Employers are mandated to conduct comprehensive recruitment efforts to ascertain the unavailability of qualified U.S. workers for the position. This entails various recruitment methods such as job orders, national recruitment endeavors, and more, aimed at providing evidence of the absence of suitable U.S. candidates
  • Application and Certification: Following the recruitment phase, the employer files an ETA Form 9089 with the DOL, delineating the job offer details, recruitment endeavors, and outcomes. Upon approval, the DOL issues a labor certification, affirming that hiring a foreign worker will not compromise the interests of U.S. workers

The Importance of Accuracy and Honesty:

Meticulousness and transparency are paramount throughout the PERM process. Any inaccuracies or discrepancies in the application can precipitate delays, audits, or even denial of the labor certification. Therefore, many employers opt to collaborate with immigration lawyers to navigate the complexities of the process with precision and integrity.

From PERM to Green Card: What Comes Next?

Upon receiving approval from the DOL, the PERM process segues into the next pivotal phase— filing an Immigrant Petition for Alien Worker (Form I-140) with U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). This marks the initiation of the foreign worker's application for a green card

Filing Form I-140: Immigrant Petition for Alien Worker:

With the PERM application's approval, the employer proceeds to file Form I-140 with USCIS, affirming their intent to hire the foreign worker on a permanent basis and soliciting a visa number. The submission of Form I-140 epitomizes the employer's steadfast commitment to the agreed-upon terms, including offering a permanent position and remunerating at least the prevailing wage. Accurate preparation and compilation of documentation substantiating the PERM application's validity, the foreign worker's availability and qualifications, and the employer's financial viability are imperative for submitting Form I-140. This documentation encompasses the PERM certification, evidence of the foreign worker's qualifications, and proof of the employer's financial stability.

Adjustment of Status vs. Consular Processing:

The subsequent steps post-approval of the I-140 petition hinge on the foreign worker's location and immigration status. Those residing in the U.S. may opt for adjustment of status to a permanent resident by filing Form I-485 with USCIS. Conversely, foreign workers outside the U.S. may pursue consular processing, entailing application for an immigrant visa at a U.S. embassy or consulate in their home country.

Anticipating Delays and Challenges:

The transition from PERM approval to green card procurement entails navigating potential hurdles such as processing delays, audits, and requests for further evidence. It is incumbent upon employers and foreign workers to preemptively address these challenges, remaining informed about processing times and being prepared to furnish additional documentation or attend interviews.

Challenges and Solutions in the PERM Process:

The PERM process is not devoid of challenges, ranging from processing delays to audits and denials. However, proactive measures can mitigate these challenges, such as meticulous documentation maintenance, strategic planning, and legal counsel engagement to address denials or appeals effectively

Employment-Based Visa Categories and the PERM Process:

The journey toward a green card through employment encompasses various employment-based visa categories, each with distinct criteria and processes. Understanding these categories— ranging from EB-2 and EB-3, which necessitate PERM certification, to EB-1, EB-2 NIW, and E- 2, which offer alternatives to PERM—is paramount for navigating the employment-based immigration landscape with precision.


In conclusion, the PERM process serves as a crucial gateway to employment-based green cards, facilitating the recruitment of foreign workers while safeguarding the interests of U.S. workers and the domestic job market. By adhering to the core elements of the PERM process, employers demonstrate their commitment to fair labor practices and equitable recruitment standards.

From the initial prevailing wage determination to the meticulous documentation required for Form I-140 filing, each step in the PERM process plays a pivotal role in laying the groundwork for obtaining a green card. While challenges and delays may arise, proactive planning, strategic navigation, and expert legal guidance can help mitigate potential obstacles.

At KPB Immigration Law Firm, we understand the complexities of the PERM process and the importance of securing employment-based green cards for our clients. Our team of experienced immigration lawyers is dedicated to providing comprehensive support and guidance at every stage of the process, ensuring a smooth and successful journey toward permanent residency in the United States.

If you are considering pursuing a green card through employment or need assistance with the PERM process, we are here to help. Contact us today to schedule a consultation and take the first step towards achieving your immigration goals with confidence.